Results

Click a row for more details

Property Organism Value Units ID Details
Mutation rate (one mutation per 400 nucleotides) highest reported for any biological entity Chrysanthemum chlorotic mottle viroid 0.0025±0.0006 mutation/site/replication cycle 111984 Gago S, Elena SF, Flores R...
Per-site mutation rate versus genome size for biological entities Various Figure - link genome size/mutation rate 111985 Gago S, Elena SF, Flores R...
Size of icosahedral virion Cowpea Chlorotic Mottle Virus (CCMV) 28 nm 106456 Minten IJ, Ma Y, Hempenius MA...
Size of genome (3 single stranded RNA molecules) Cowpea Chlorotic Mottle Virus (CCMV) 7.9 (3.1kb RNA-1: 2.7kb RNA-2: 2.1kb RNA-3 Table - link) kb 106457 Ali A, Shafiekhani M...
Mutation rate Plants Spruce (Picea spp.) 2.2×10^-9: Oryza glaberrima (African rice) 1.8×10^-8 mutations/base/year 113650 Nystedt B et al., The...
Fraction of amino acid substitutions that lead to protein inactivation Budding yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae 20 - 65 % 113375 Drummond DA, Bloom JD...
Fraction of mutations that are lethal Bacteria Escherichia coli ~1 % 114862 Lydia Robert, Jean Ollion...
Mutation rate Bacteria Escherichia coli wild type ~0.0022: mutH mutant ~0.32 mutation/hour 114861 Lydia Robert, Jean Ollion...
Size of viroid Plants ~250-400 bases 105571 E. M. Tsagris, A. E....
Rate of nucleotide substitution Rice yellow mottle virus (RYMV) >1E-04 substitution/site/year 112776 Duffy S, Shackelton LA...
Sizes and images of representative isocahedral viruses Virus Figure - link Å 103114 Baker TS, Olson NH, Fuller...
Size of exosomes, vesicles budding off from plasma membrane and apoptotic bodies Eukaryotes exosome 40-150: vesicles budding off plasma membrane 100-1000: apoptotic bodies 500-2000 nm 114184 Skotland T, Sandvig K...
Size of genome Tree Norway Spruce Picea abies 19.6 (Table - link) Giga base pairs 113647 Nystedt B et al., The...
Nuclear volumes, DNA content per cell, interphase chromosome volumes, and DNA content per chromosome of 30 species of higher plants Plants Table - link N/A 107800 Baetcke KP, Sparrow AH...
Number of nucleotides in hammerhead ribozyme Various ~50 nts 113524 de la Peña M, García-Robles I...
Genome size (a highly supercoiled circular dsDNA molecule) Bacteriophage PM2 ~10 kb 117000 Krupovic M, Prangishvili D...
Genome size and gene number of various organisms Various Table - link N/A 106918 Benjamin Lewin, Genes IX...
Overall pan-genomic background substitution rate Vertebrates birds ~0.0019: mammals ~0.0027 substitutions/site/million years 117106 Zhang G et al., Comparative...
Size and structure of viruses Various Table - link N/A 104073 Amazing numbers in biology...