Divergence rate for protein coding mitochondrial DNA in subfossil bones

Value 0.95 substitutions/site/Myr
Organism Adélie penguin Pygoscelis adeliae
Reference Peterson GI, Masel J. Quantitative prediction of molecular clock and ka/ks at short timescales. Mol Biol Evol. 2009 Nov26(11):2595-603. doi: 10.1093/molbev/msp175. p.2595 left column 3rd paragraphPubMed ID19661199
Primary Source Lambert DM, Ritchie PA, Millar CD, Holland B, Drummond AJ, Baroni C. 2002. Rates of evolution in ancient DNA from Ad´elie penguins. Science. 295 :2270–2273. DOI: 10.1126/science.1068105PubMed ID11910113
Comments P.2595 left column 3rd paragraph: "Using mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) taken from human pedigrees, several investigators have estimated divergence rates that are many times greater than the accepted rate estimates for animal species (Ho et al. 2005). In contrast to the accepted rate of 0.02 substitutions/site/Myr for protein-coding mtDNA in mammals (BNID 113217) and birds (BNID 113217), these studies found rates between 0.32 and 2.5 substitutions/site/Myr (BNID 113218). In addition, in a study using well-preserved Antarctic subfossil bones, Lambert et al. (primary source 2002) estimated a divergence rate of 0.95 substitutions/site/Myr in Adélie penguins."
Entered by Uri M
ID 113219