Rate of DNA replication

Value ~ kb/min Range: ≤~2 kb/min
Organism Human Homo sapiens
Reference Fangman WL, Brewer BJ. A question of time: replication origins of eukaryotic chromosomes. Cell. 1992 Oct 30 71(3):363-6 P.364 right column 2nd paragraphPubMed ID1423601
Comments P.364 right column 2nd paragraph: "Why So Many Replication Origins? The answers seem obvious. First, multiple origins increase the probability that a chromosome will be replicated during an S phase and thereby reduce the chance of chromosome loss at mitosis. Second, most eukaryotic cells have more DNA per chromosome than can be duplicated from a single origin in an S phase. For a human cell, the approximately 3,000,OOO kb genome is replicated in about 8 h. Since the rate at which replication forks plow through chromatin is no greater than ~ 2 kb/min, bidirectional origins would need to be spaced at roughly 2000 kb intervals to finish replication in the allotted time. But this analysis, which views replication as a process that must accommodate the cell cycle rather than the other way around, underestimates the number of origins by 20-fold-the observed spacing between active origins is about 100 kb [BNID 104137]." For DNA Polymerase δ synthesis rate of 87±5.7 sec^-1 see BNID 105486
Entered by Uri M
ID 104136