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Property Organism Value Units ID Details
Percentage of phytoplankton (including bacteria) grazed per day Biosphere 25%-100% % 115619 Young KD. The selective...
Concentration of marine picoplankton collected in Alaska and North Sea Bacterioplankton 0.11×10^9-1.07×10^9 cells/ml 105119 Schut F, de Vries EJ...
Fraction of thymines in DNA that are replaced by the unusual base, 5-hydroxymethyluracil (HOMedU) Dinoflagellates 16 – 28 % of the thymines 114600 Soyer-Gobillard MO, Dolan...
Number of chromosomes, DNA amount per cell, nuclear volume & chromosome volume Dinoflagellate Prorocentrum micans 65 chromosomes: 7E10 nucleotide pairs: volumes-nucleus 3,450µm^3 -chromosome 20µm^3 N/A 114598 Soyer-Gobillard MO, Dolan...
Number of chromosomes, DNA amount per cell, nuclear volume & chromosome volume Dinoflagellate Crypthecodinium cohnii 95-100 chromosomes: 1.4E10 nucleotide pairs: volumes-nucleus 690µm^3 -chromosome 2.6µm^3 N/A 114599 Soyer-Gobillard MO, Dolan...
Fraction of total gene sequences that are shared with other organism groups Mouse Mus musculus prokaryotes 23%: non-animal eukaryotes (protists, fungi, and plants) 29%: nonchordate animals 27 % 117010 Gerhart J, Kirschner...
A timeline showing OMZ (oxygen minimum zone) chemistry, the relative contributions from different primary producers, and the evolution of eukaryotic heterotrophs Biosphere Figure - link Mya 110483 Johnston DT, Wolfe-Simon F...
Fraction of prokaryotes in oceanic surface waters killed daily by viruses Biosphere 20 to 40 % 106625 Suttle CA. Marine vi...
Emiliania huxleyi Statistics Coccolithophore Emiliania huxleyi Data base link - link N/A 104884 http://www.noc.soton...
Number of different bacterial species in hindgut Termite Reticulitermes speratus >250 Species 107407 Tadmor AD, Ottesen EA...
Heat production by Thioglycollate-Elicited Peritoneal (TEP) cells Mouse Mus musculus 870 (300 to 25000) pcal/cell 107969 Loike JD, Silverstein SC...
Date of fossil Eukaryotic fossil acritarch Tappania plana ~1,500 MYA 113025 Javaux EJ, Knoll AH,...
Characteristic heat production rate of fermenting rumen bacteria Ruminants 160 - 180 watts/kg bacterial mass 117321 Rosenberg E. and Zil...
Number of species catalogued in a central database as of 2011 Biosphere ~1.2e6 species 109316 Mora C, Tittensor DP...
Number of animal species catalogued in a central database as of 2011 and number of predicted species on Earth Eukaryotes Catalogued ~950,000 Predicted ~7,770,000 Table - link species 109318 Mora C, Tittensor DP...
Number of archaea species catalogued in a central database as of 2011 and number of predicted species on Earth Archaea Catalogued 502 Predicted 455 Table - link species 109322 Mora C, Tittensor DP...
Number of plant species catalogued in a central database as of 2011 and number of predicted species on Earth Plants Catalogued ~216,000 Predicted ~298,000 Table - link Species 109319 Mora C, Tittensor DP...
Number of fungi species catalogued in a central database as of 2011 and number of predicted species on Earth Fungus Catalogued ~43,000 Predicted 611,000 Table - link Species 109320 Mora C, Tittensor DP...
Number of described species Invertebrates ~1.4 million species 117270 Régnier C et al., Mass...
Predators are typically larger than their prey by Biosphere 4 orders of magnitude 113592 Butterfield NJ, Macr...