Date of endosymbiosis of a free-living bacterium that led to mitochondria

Range ~2 Billion years ago
Organism Unspecified
Reference Kiefel BR, Gilson PR, Beech PL. Cell biology of mitochondrial dynamics. Int Rev Cytol. 2006 254 :151-213. p.152 1st paragraph in introductionPubMed ID17147999
Primary Source Gray MW, Burger G, Lang BF. Mitochondrial evolution. Science. 1999 Mar 5 283(5407):1476-81 AND Martin W, Hoffmeister M, Rotte C, Henze K. An overview of endosymbiotic models for the origins of eukaryotes, their ATP-producing organelles (mitochondria and hydrogenosomes), and their heterotrophic lifestyle. Biol Chem. 2001 Nov382(11):1521-39.PubMed ID10066161, 11767942
Comments For divergence of Rickettsiaceae (bacteria) and mitochondria 1.8bya see Emelyanov 2001 PMID 11508688 p.12 top paragraph. For emergence of eukaryotes 1.7bya see Cavalier-Smith 1992 PMID 1292670 p.94 fig.1
Entered by Uri M
ID 107042