Number of rows of cells along the anterior-posterior (AP) axis of embryo

Range ~80 rows
Organism Fruit fly Drosophila melanogaster
Reference Petkova MD, Little SC, Liu F, Gregor T. Maternal origins of developmental reproducibility. Curr Biol. 2014 Jun 2 24(11):1283-8. doi: 10.1016/j.cub.2014.04.028. p.1283 left column bottom paragraphPubMed ID24856210
Primary Source Gergen, J.P., Coulter, D., and Wieschaus, E.F. (1986). Segmental pattern and blastoderm cell identities. In Gametogenesis and the Early Embryo, J.G. Gall, ed. (New York: Alan R. Liss, Inc.), pp. 195–220.
Comments "Cells along the anterior-posterior (AP) axis of the developing Drosophila embryo determine their location by interpreting concentrations of morphogen molecules that correlate with AP position. One process leading to these molecular patterns (reviewed in [8]) originates in the female during oogenesis when maternal mRNA of the anterior determinant bicoid (bcd) is localized at the anterior pole of the egg. Upon egg activation, these mRNA molecules serve as sources for a protein gradient, which triggers a network of interacting genes that generate a cascade of increasingly diversified molecular spatial patterns, eventually specifying unique fates for each of the ~80 rows of cells along the AP axis [primary source]."
Entered by Uri M
ID 111201