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Property Organism Value Units ID Details
Increase in cranial capacity from Austrolopithecus to early Homo sapiens 2-1.5 MYA Various 450-860 cm^3 104617 Hawks J, Hunley K, Lee SH...
Number of species of parasitic worms and protozoa that humans are host to Human Homo sapiens parasitic worms ~300: protozoa >70 species 117278 Cox FE. History of human...
Total genome Size Human Homo sapiens 3.22e+9 Base pairs 111378 National Center for ...
Emergence of Homo erectus Primates ~1.8 Mya 113752 Leonard WR, Robertson ML...
Number of microRNA genes Human Homo sapiens 585 genes 114541 Fromm et al. A Uniform...
Auditory frequency (covering ~8-9 octaves) Human Homo sapiens ~40 Hz to ~20 kHz N/A 117127 Ashmore J. Cochlear outer...
Partition of H. sapiens and M. musculus genes into age groups Mammals Table - link N/A 108988 Prat Y, Fromer M, Linial N...
Difference in total cortical surface area between mice and humans Human Homo sapiens 1000 fold greater surface area in humans 117212 Rakic P. Evolution of...
Direct sequencing estimates of mutation rate (total, from species divergence) Human Homo sapiens 2.5E-08 (Table - link) mutations/site/generation 109987 Kondrashov FA, Kondrashov...
Direct sequencing estimates of mutation rate (phenotypic mutations analysis) Human Homo sapiens 1.8E-08 (Table - link) mutations/site/generation 109988 Kondrashov FA, Kondrashov...
Direct sequencing estimates of mutation rate (direct sequencing of Y chromosome) Human Homo sapiens 3E-08 (Table - link) mutations/site/generation 109989 Kondrashov FA, Kondrashov...
Loss of brain weight from ages 50 - 90 Human Homo sapiens 2-3 % per decade 113114 Stark AK, Pakkenberg...
Number of predicted protein-coding genes Physcomitrella patens 27949 genes 111377 Lang D, Zimmer AD, Rensing SA...
Transport rate constant of AHL (acyl homo-serine lactone) Bacteria Vibrio fischeri 0.05 1/sec 112003 Pai A, You L: Optimal...
Concentration of 3OHC14-HSL (3OHC14-homo-serine lactone) for starvation response Bacteria Rhizobium leguminosarum 300 - 600 nM 112011 Pai A, You L: Optimal...
Fraction of the whole cell Ca2+ current carried by L channel (L-type calcium channel) in pig, cow & human Mammals 15-20 % of the whole cell Ca2+ current 113138 García AG et al., Calcium...
Fraction of the whole cell Ca2+ current carried by N channel (N-type calcium channel) Mammals pig ≤80%: cat 45%: bovine, rat, mouse & human chromaffin cells 30% % of the whole cell Ca2+ current 113139 García AG et al., Calcium...
Fraction of the whole cell Ca2+ current carried by P/Q channel (P-type calcium channel ("Purkinje") /Q-type calcium channel) in chromaffin cells Mammals bovine 50%: human 60%: pig & cat 5%: rat 20%: mouse (early study) ~30% (more recent study) 15% % of the whole cell Ca2+ current 113140 García AG et al., Calcium...
Number of copies of a U6 snRNA per somatic adult (HeLa) cell Human Homo sapiens 100000 molecules 101302 Lim LP, Lau NC, Weinstein EG...
Synthesis and degradation rate constant of C4-HSL (C4-homo-serine lactone) Bacteria Pseudomonas aeruginosa synthesis rate 48,000nM/hr: degradation rate 0.0133/hour N/A 112008 Pai A, You L: Optimal...