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Property Organism Value Units ID Details
Evolution of the Calvin–Benson cycle Biosphere ~2 billion years ago 116884 Arrivault S et al., ...
Oxygen evolution rate Cyanobacteria Synechocystis PCC 6803 5.3 (0.92 - 9.75) mmol(O2)/g(DW)/h 114573 Zavřel, T., Očenášová...
Oxygen evolution rate Cyanobacteria Synechococcus elongatus PCC 7942 160 (±10) µMol O2/mg Chlorophyll/hour 111073 Porankiewicz, J., & Clarke...
Maximal rate of oxygen evolution Cyanobacteria Synechococcus elongatus PCC 7942 710 (±23) µmol O2/mg chlorophyll/hour 111101 Thomas, B., Bricker, T....
Initiation of sex chromosome evolution Birds >130 Ma (million years ago) 112865 Yazdi HP, Ellegren H....
Oxygen evolution rate in thylakoid membrane Spinach Spinacia oleracea 5.85 umol/((mg of chlorophyl)*hour) 103382 Takahashi M, Asada K....
Evolution of oxygenic photosynthesis by cyanobacteria Biosphere ~2.8 Billion years ago 114975 Kihara S, Hartzler DA...
Genomics, evolution and function of protein kinases Generic Database - link N/A 100626 http://kinase.com/
Rate of evolution for some proteins Generic Table - link N/A 106164 Creighton "Proteins-structure...
Estimated time range of evolution of C4 carbon fixation Plants 25-32 Mya 105193 Wang X, Gowik U, Tang H...
Fraction of electron flux that goes to H2 evolution Bacteria Azotobacter vinelandii 27.3 (±2.4) % 111319 Orme-Johnson WH. Molecular...
Photon yield of oxygen evolution for C3 plants Biosphere 0.076-0.098 Oxygen molecules/photon 104656 Björkman O. & Demmig...
Sponges arised (in evolution) at least as early as Sponges phylum Porifera 600 Mya 113285 Taylor MW, Radax R, Steger D...
Number of distinct genome duplication events early in vertebrate evolution Vertebrates 2 genome duplication events 116989 Dehal P, Boore JL. Two...
Photon yield of Oxygen evolution on basis of incident light in C3 plants Various 0.0891 (±0.0009) Oxygen molecules/photon 104657 Björkman O. & Demmig...
Order of introduction of element changes in evolution Biosphere Table - link N/A 105412 J.J.R. Fraústo da Silva...
Time when the metazoan toolkit of conserved functional components and processes first arised in evolution Metazoa animals Table - link years ago 117011 Gerhart J, Kirschner...
Milestones in the evolution of the Earth and its biosphere Biosphere Table - link Years before present 109596 Vaclav Smil, The Earth's...
Base-substitution rates estimated from evolution experiments with whole-genome data bacteria Table - link N/A 111229 Wielgoss S. et al., Mutation...
Time scales in the evolution of life on earth Biosphere Table - link N/A 103786 David L. Nelson, Michael...