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Property Organism Value Units ID Details
Fraction of leaf cross section occupied by epidermis Thale cress Arabidopsis thaliana 24 % 100826 Ramonell, K. M., Kuang...
Theoretical estimates relevant to epidermal organization Mammals Table - link N/A 109889 Hoath SB, Leahy DG. The...
Dimensions of giant pavement cell Thale cress Arabidopsis thaliana area 11,000±5,400µm^2: length 360±150µm (longest can reach 800 µm) N/A 113562 Roeder AH et al., Variability...
Cellular replacement rate of corneocytes (terminally differentiated keratinocytes) Human Homo sapiens 52.9 corneocytes/mm^2/h 109886 Hoath SB, Leahy DG. The...
Cellular replacement rate of keratinocytes Human Homo sapiens 69.3 keratinocytes/mm^2/h 109887 Hoath SB, Leahy DG. The...
Empirical measurements relevant to epidermal organization Mammals Table - link N/A 109888 Hoath SB, Leahy DG. The...
Ion-selective microelectrode measurements of pH and of K+, and Cl- concentrations in cells of open and closed stomatal complexes Asiatic dayflower Commelina communis Table - link % 110399 Leigh R.A. (1997). Solute...
Estimates of the average residence time (hours) spent in the basal layer by basal cells before migration Rodent Table - link hours 110510 Nicholas A. Wright, Malcolm...
Stomata Length Plants 10-80 µm 101757 Alistair M. Hetherington1...
Water permeabilities of cells and membranes from plants and animals Eukaryotes Table - link 10^–4cm/sec 110401 Maurel C. Aquaporins...
Number of Langerhans cells Mouse Mus musculus 620 cells/mm^2 102639 Ness KJ, Fan J, Wilke WW...
Time when fundamental step toward the adaptation of the integument to the terrestrial environment was made by basal amniotes vertebrates ~340 Mya 113167 Alibardi L. Adaptation...
Water content of stratum corneum (SC) Unspecified >10 % 113175 Madison KC. Barrier function...
Number of microbial cells in human body Human Homo sapiens 10^14 (see BNID 113000 for more updated value of 3.8x10^13) microbial cells (mostly bacteria)/human body 102392 Savage DC. Microbial...
Time to produce platelets Human Homo sapiens ~10 days 113415 Fliedner TM, Graessle D...
Stomata Density Plants 5-1000 stomata/mm^2 101758 Alistair M. Hetherington1...
Heat of vaporization of water at 20˚C Generic 2.45 kJ/gram 113225 Körner C (2013) Plan...
Reference man: summary of anatomical values Human Homo sapiens Table - link N/A 110327 Snyder WS, Cook MJ, Nasset ES...
Kinetic parameters in stratified squamous epithelia Rodent Table - link N/A 110508 Nicholas A. Wright, Malcolm...
Distribution of cellular shapes in monolayer cell sheets across the plant and animal kingdoms Various ~ hexagons 45%: pentagons 25%: heptagons 20% % 112080 Gibson WT et al., Control...