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Property Organism Value Units ID Details
Mutation rate per base pair per replication Human Homo sapiens 5E-11 (Table - link) Mutation/bp/replication 105095 Drake JW, Charlesworth B...
Mutation rate per base pair per replication (very old estimate, see below) Bacteria Escherichia coli 5.4E-10 (Table - link) mutation/bp/replication 100263 Drake JW, A constant...
Mutation rate per base pair per generation Human Homo sapiens 2.5E-08 Mutation/bp/generation 100414 Nachman MW, Crowell SL....
Mutation rate per base pair per replication Bacteriophages T2 and T4 2.4E-08 mutation/bp/replication 100228 Drake JW, Charlesworth B...
Mutation rate per base pair per replication Bacteriophage M13 7.2E-07 mutation/bp/replication 100224 Drake JW, Charlesworth B...
Replication errors per genome Bacteria Escherichia coli 2.5e-3 Unitless 102008 Drake JW, A constant...
Mutation per base pair per generation (germline mutation) Human Homo sapiens 1E-08 mutation/bp/generation 105813 1000 Genomes Project...
Effects of mutations in TEM1 (beta-lactamase) bacteria ~30% cause a partial reduction in fitness: ~62% have no immediate measurable effects on fitness % of mutations 110450 Soskine M, Tawfik DS....
Mutation rate estimated using classical fluctuation tests, scoring for resistance to rifampicin (Rif R) and to nalidixic acid (Nal R) Bacteria Escherichia coli (Rif R) 0.33×10^−10 (Nal R) 0.21×10^−10 mutations/nucleotide/generation 111340 Lee H, Popodi E, Tang H...
Fraction of mutations that are lethal Bacteria Escherichia coli ~1 % 114862 Lydia Robert, Jean Ollion...
Estimates of the mutation rate per site per generation for 26 species of bacteria bacteria Table - link Mutation rate(×10^-10)/site/generation 115550 Gibson B, Wilson DJ, Feil E...
Rates of spontaneous mutation in DNA-based microbes Various Table - link N/A 103918 Drake JW, A constant...
Estimated mutation rate RNA viruses 10^-4 to 10^-6 substitutions per base 112262 Acevedo A, Brodsky L...
Mutation rate Bacteria Escherichia coli wild type ~0.0022: mutH mutant ~0.32 mutation/hour 114861 Lydia Robert, Jean Ollion...
81 estimates of the rate at which bacteria accumulate mutations per site per year (the accumulation rate) for 34 species of bacteria bacteria Table - link Accumulated mutations(×10^-7)/site/year 115549 Gibson B, Wilson DJ, Feil E...
Substitution rate per synonymous site Bacteria Escherichia coli 4.5E-09 (Table - link) Substitutions/year 105030 Ochman H, Elwyn S, Moran...
Genomic substitution rates (U) per generation Bacteria Escherichia coli 0.0001-0.0002 Substitutions/generation 105031 Ochman H, Elwyn S, Moran...