Highest density of cones at center of the fovea

Value 147000 cones/mm^2 Range: 96900-281000 cones/mm^2
Organism Human Homo sapiens
Reference Helga Kolb, Eduardo Fernandez and Ralph Nelson, John Moran eye center, Uni. of Utah, Webvision, the organization of the retina and visual system, link
Primary Source 1) Osterberg, G. (1935) Topography of the layer of rods and cones in the human retina. Acta Ophthal., suppl. 6, 1-103. (2) Curcio CA, Sloan KR Jr, Packer O, Hendrickson AE, Kalina RE. Distribution of cones in human and monkey retina: individual variability and radial asymmetry. Science. 1987 May 1 236(4801):579-82.PubMed ID3576186
Method (primary source (2)): Nomarski differential interference contrast optics allowed [researcers] to view optical sections at different levels along the long axis of photoreceptors. Researchers developed software that transforms the data from locations in the whole mount back to spherical coordinates by using the fovea and optic disk as reference points and retinal vasculature to connect across cut edges. Measured in 37µm×54µm fields.
Comments Value is from primary source (1), Range from primary source (2). Mean peak density of primary source (2) was 161,900 cones/mm^2. For mean peak density in macaque see BNID 105345
Entered by Uri M
ID 105344