Fraction of retinal ganglion (neuron) cells that die during life of organism

Range 80% cat: 60%-70% rat, rhesus monkey and human: 40% chicken: none fish and amphibia %
Organism Vertebrates
Reference Williams RW, Herrup K. The control of neuron number. Annu Rev Neurosci. 1988 11: 423-53 p.440 3rd paragraphPubMed ID3284447
Primary Source Williams RW, Bastiani MJ, Lia B, Chalupa LM. Growth cones, dying axons, and developmental fluctuations in the fiber population of the cat's optic nerve. J Comp Neurol. 1986 Apr 1 246(1):32-69. AND Crespo D, O'Leary DD, Cowan WM. Changes in the numbers of optic nerve fibers during late prenatal and postnatal development in the albino rat. Brain Res. 1985 Mar351(1):129-34. AND Rakic P, Riley KP.Overproduction and elimination of retinal axons in the fetal rhesus monkey. Science. 1983 Mar 25 219(4591):1441-4. AND Provis JM, van Driel D, Billson FA, Russell P. Human fetal optic nerve: overproduction and elimination of retinal axons during development. J Comp Neurol. 1985 Aug 1 238(1):92-100. AND Rager GH. Development of the retinotectal projection in the chicken. Adv Anat Embryol Cell Biol. 1980 63:I-VIII, 1-90 AND Wilson MA. Optic nerve fibre counts and retinal ganglion cell counts during development of Xenopus laevis (Daudin). Q J Exp Physiol Cogn Med Sci. 1971 Apr56(2):83-91. AND Easter SS Jr, Rusoff AC, Kish PE. The growth and organization of the optic nerve and tract in juvenile and adult goldfish. J Neurosci. 1981 Aug1(8):793-811.PubMed ID3700717, 3995334, 6828871, 4044906, 7457227, 5206673, 7346585
Entered by Uri M
ID 106411