Divergence rate for protein coding mitochondrial DNA in mammals and birds

Value 0.02 substitutions/site/Myr
Organism vertebrates
Reference Peterson GI, Masel J. Quantitative prediction of molecular clock and ka/ks at short timescales. Mol Biol Evol. 2009 Nov26(11):2595-603. doi: 10.1093/molbev/msp175. p.2595 left column 3rd paragraphPubMed ID19661199
Primary Source Brown WM, George M Jr, Wilson AC. Rapid evolution of animal mitochondrial DNA. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1979 Apr76(4):1967-71. AND Randi E. A mitochondrial cytochrome B phylogeny of the Alectoris partridges. Mol Phylogenet Evol. 1996 Oct6(2):214-27. DOI: 10.1006/mpev.1996.0072 AND Fleischer RC, McIntosh CE, Tarr CL. Evolution on a volcanic conveyor belt: using phylogeographic reconstructions and K-Ar-based ages of the Hawaiian Islands to estimate molecular evolutionary rates. Mol Ecol. 1998 Apr7(4):533-45. AND Shields GF, Wilson AC. 1987. Subspecies of the Canada goose (Branta canadensis) have distinct mitochondrial DNA’s. Evolution. 41: 662–666. DOI: 10.2307/2409268 link PubMed ID109836, 8899724, 9628004
Comments P.2595 left column 3rd paragraph: "Using mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) taken from human pedigrees, several investigators have estimated divergence rates that are many times greater than the accepted rate estimates for animal species (Ho et al. 2005). In contrast to the accepted rate of 0.02 substitutions/site/Myr for protein-coding mtDNA in mammals (primary sources Brown et al. 1979, Randi 1996, Fleischer et al. 1998) and birds (primary source Shields and Wilson 1987), these studies found rates between 0.32 and 2.5 substitutions/site/Myr (BNID 113218). In addition, in a study using well-preserved Antarctic subfossil bones, Lambert et al. (BNID 113219) estimated a divergence rate of 0.95 substitutions/site/Myr in Adélie penguins."
Entered by Uri M
ID 113217