Concentration of the main free cations and anions in living cells and their environment

Range Table - link
Organism Generic
Reference J.J.R. Fraústo da Silva and R.J.P. Williams, The Biological Chemistry of the Elements: The Inorganic Chemistry of Life, Oxford University Press, USA 2nd edition (November 1, 2001) Chapter 8 Sodium, potassium, and chlorine: osmotic control, electrolytic equilibria, and currents, p. 231 Table 8.1
Comments "There are large amounts of sodium, potassium, and chloride ions in sea waters but not very much in fresh waters, yet life abounds in both media and to a very good approximation it holds the internal free ion concentrations of these elements constant, not only in cells but also in the circulating fluids of higher organisms." [text from p. 231]
Entered by Uri M
ID 105409