Chitin content of selected crustacean, insects, molluscan organs, and fungi

Range Table - link %
Organism Various
Reference Tharanathan RN, Kittur FS. Chitin - the undisputed biomolecule of great potential. Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr. 2003 43(1):61-87 DOI: 10.1080/10408690390826455 p.62 table 1PubMed ID12587986
Comments P.61 left column bottom paragraph: "Chitinous structures are mainly of ectodermal origin in multicellular animals and form the characteristic exoskeleton of most of the invertebrates (ref 2), in contrast to collagenous structures, which almost entirely are of mesodermal origin. Chitin exceptionally constitutes more than half of the total organic matter in chitinous structures. Higher concentrations of up to 85% are found in Arthropoda, which are particularly able to synthesize chitin. The shells of Gastropoda and Lamellibranchia, however, contain only small amounts of chitin. Every year about 100 billion tonnes of chitin are produced by crustaceans, mollusks, insects, and fungi. Chitin is the most underexploited biomass resource available on Earth. The occurrence of chitin in various organisms (ref 3, Knoor, D. Use of chitinous polymers in food – A challenge for food research & development. Food Technol., 38, 85–97, 1984) is given in Table 1."
Entered by Uri M
ID 115475