Average genome size (for viruses 0.039518 Mb, see comments section)

Range prokaryotes 3.2147 plants 5,958 animals 4,456 algae 855.59 unicellular eukaryotes 59.529 fungi 31.87 Mb
Organism Various
Reference Landenmark HK, Forgan DH, Cockell CS. An Estimate of the Total DNA in the Biosphere. PLoS Biol. 2015 Jun 11 13(6):e1002168. doi: 10.1371/journal.pbio.1002168. p.4/10 box 1 & p.6/10 3rd paragraphPubMed ID26066900
Primary Source [6] Gregory TR. Prokaryote genome sizes Table 1 2005. Database: genomesize. link Accessed 18 May 2015. [11] Bennett MD, Leitch IJ. Plant DNA C-values database (Release 6.0, Dec. 2012) 2012. Database: data.kew. link Accessed 18 May 2015. [13] Gregory TR. Animal genome size database 2014. Database: genomesize. link Accessed 18 May 2015. [21] Kapraun DF, Leitch IJ, Bennett MD. Algal DNA C-value database (Release 1.0, Dec. 2004) 2004. Database: data.kew. link Accessed 18 May 2015. [22] European Bioinformatics Institute (2013) Ensembl protists species 2013. Database: ensembl. link Accessed 18 May 2015. (note-link is broken as of June 16th 2015) [23] Kullman B, Tamm H, Kullman K. Fungal genome size database 2005. Database: zbi. link Accessed 18 May 2015. [25] National Center for Biotechnology Information. Entrez genome viral genomes, 2014. Database: ncbi.nlm.nih. link . Accessed 18 May 2015.
Method Pulsed Field Gel Electrophoresis (PFGE)
Comments p.4/10 box 1 link :"For prokaryotes, the estimated total number of cells, 5×10^30 cells [BNID 104960] was combined with the average prokaryotic genome size, 3.2147 Mb [primary source 6], as determined by Pulsed Field Gel Electrophoresis (PFGE), to give the total amount of DNA contained in the group...an average genome size [for plants] of 5,958.01 Mb [primary source 11]...the average animal genome size of 4,456 Mb [primary source 13]...Using the average genome size of 855.59 Mb [primary source 21] for algae and 59.529 Mb [primary source 22 (note-link is broken as of June 16th 2015)] for other unicellular eukaryotes...using an average genome size [for fungi] of 31.874 Mb [primary source 23]...an average viral genome size of 0.039518 Mb [primary source 25]..." p.6/10 3rd paragraph:"...the average genome size in prokaryotes is 3.2147 Mb, compared to the higher value in plants (5,958 Mb) and animals (4,456 Mb)."
Entered by Uri M
ID 111596