Size of chloroplast genome

Value 154478 bp
Organism Thale cress Arabidopsis thaliana
Reference Sato S, Nakamura Y, Kaneko T, Asamizu E, Tabata S. Complete structure of the chloroplast genome of Arabidopsis thaliana. DNA Res. 1999 Oct 29 6(5):283-90. abstractPubMed ID10574454
Method "[Researchers] determined the complete sequence of the chloroplast genome of this plant and compared [it] with those of other chloroplasts reported to date. Structural similarity with the genome of a cyanobacterium Synecohcysitis sp. strain PCC6803 was also investigated."
Comments "The complete nucleotide sequence of the chloroplast genome of Arabidopsis thaliana has been determined. The genome as a circular DNA composed of 154,478 bp containing a pair of inverted repeats of 26,264 bp, which are separated by small and large single copy regions of 17,780 bp and 84,170 bp, respectively. A total of 87 potential protein-coding genes including 8 genes duplicated in the inverted repeat regions, 4 ribosomal RNA genes and 37 tRNA genes (30 gene species) representing 20 amino acid species were assigned to the genome on the basis of similarity to the chloroplast genes previously reported for other species." According to Chloroplast Genome Database link A. thaliana has a total of 117 genes, 87 protein coding genes, 37 tRNA coding genes, 8 rRNA coding genes and 72 introns.
Entered by Uri M
ID 105918