Summary phylogeny (genealogical tree) of birds

Range Figure link Mya
Organism Birds
Reference Brusatte SL, O'Connor JK, Jarvis ED. The Origin and Diversification of Birds. Curr Biol. 2015 Oct 5 25(19):R888-98. doi: 10.1016/j.cub.2015.08.003. p.R889 figure 1PubMed ID26439352
Primary Source [2] S.L. Brusatte, G.T. Lloyd, S.C. Wang, M.A. Norell Gradual assembly of avian body plan culminated in rapid rates of evolution across the dinosaur-bird transition Curr. Biol., 24 (2014), pp. 2386–2392 doi: 10.1016/j.cub.2014.08.034.PubMed ID25264248
Comments P.R889 left column 2nd paragraph: "Birds evolved from dinosaurs, and therefore are dinosaurs, in the same way that humans are a type of mammal (Figure 1). Birds are nested within the theropod dinosaurs, the major subgroup of mostly carnivorous species that includes the behemoths Tyrannosaurus and Allosaurus, but also smaller and obviously much more bird-like species such as Velociraptor, Deinonychus, and Troodon [refs 21, 22]. Birds are members of a nested set of ever-more exclusive theropod subgroups: Coelurosauria, Maniraptora, and Paraves (Figure 1). Their very closest relatives are the mostly small-bodied, feathered, large-brained dromaeosaurids and troodontids, exemplified by the well-known Velociraptor [ref 23]." See caption to right of figure
Entered by Uri M
ID 113269