Fraction of neurons that are excitatory

Range ~85 %
Organism Unspecified
Reference Harris JJ, Jolivet R, Attwell D. Synaptic energy use and supply. Neuron. 2012 Sep 6 75(5):762-77. doi: 10.1016/j.neuron.2012.08.019. p.762 left column bottom paragraphPubMed ID22958818
Primary Source Abeles, M. (1991). Corticonics: Neural Circuits of the Cerebral Cortex (Cambridge: CUP).
Comments p.762 left column bottom paragraph:" Anatomical data on mean cell size, and the capacitance per area of membrane, were used to estimate the Na+ that enters to produce action potentials and thus needs to be pumped out again by the Na+/K+-ATPase, consuming ATP. Similarly, patch-clamp data provided quantification of the ions entering to generate typical synaptic currents, which also need to be pumped out (for simplicity all neurons, rather than ~85% [primary source], were assumed to be excitatory)."
Entered by Uri M
ID 111649