Population splits and effective population sizes (Ne) during great ape evolution

Range Figure - link
Organism Apes
Reference Prado-Martinez J et al., Great ape genetic diversity and population history. Nature. 2013 Jul 25 499(7459):471-5. doi: 10.1038/nature12228. p.474 figure 2PubMed ID23823723
Method P.472 right column 2nd paragraph:"As great apes have been evolving on separate lineages since the middle Miocene, [investigators] attempted to reconstruct the history of these various species and subspecies by applying methods sensitive to branching processes, changes in effective population size (Ne), and gene flow occurring at different time scales. Using a combination of speciation times inferred from a haploid pairwise sequential Markovian coalescent (PSMC) analysis [ref 16], a coalescent hidden Markov model (CoalHMM)[ref 3] and incomplete lineage sorting approaches, [investigators] were able to estimate the most ancient split times and effective population sizes among the great ape species. By combining these estimates with an approximate Bayesian computation (ABC)[ref 17] analysis applied to the more complex chimpanzee phylogeny, [they] constructed a composite model of great ape population history over the last ~15?million years (Fig. 2). This model presents a complete overview of great ape divergence and speciation events in the context of historical effective population sizes."
Comments See note beneath figure
Entered by Uri M
ID 111515