Energy efficiency of photosynthesis according to energy stored as carbohydrate and oxygen under broad spectrum light

Value 5 %
Organism Biosphere
Reference Robert E. Blakenship, Molecular Mechanisms of Photosynthesis, 2008 Blackwell Science pp.35 Table - link
Primary Source Bolton and Hall, Photochemical conversion and storage of solar energy. Ann. Rev. Energy, 4, 353-401
Comments In broad spectrum light (680 nm). This calculation (Primary source) brings into account various losses. See photosynthetic efficiency of 91% (BNID 104626) and 27% (BNID 104627) under monochromatic red light in ideal conditions. See also efficiency of Calvin cycle based on standard free energies which is 90% (BNID 101674)
Entered by Uri M
ID 104628