Estimated number of marine species

Range primary source [9] 2.2±0.18: primary source [12] 0.7 - 1.0 million species
Organism Biosphere
Reference Pimm SL et al., The biodiversity of species and their rates of extinction, distribution, and protection. Science. 2014 May 30 344(6187):1246752. doi: 10.1126/science.1246752. p.1 middle column 2nd paragraphPubMed ID24876501
Primary Source [9] Mora C, Tittensor DP, Adl S, Simpson AG, Worm B. How many species are there on Earth and in the ocean? PLoS Biol. 2011 Aug9(8):e1001127. doi: 10.1371/journal.pbio.1001127. [12] Appeltans W et al., The magnitude of global marine species diversity. Curr Biol. 2012 Dec 4 22(23):2189-202. doi: 10.1016/j.cub.2012.09.036.PubMed ID21886479, 23159596
Comments P.1 middle column 2nd paragraph: "For animals, recent overviews attest to the question’s difficulty. About 1.9 million species are described (BNID 113443) the great majority are not. Costello et al. (ref 8) estimate 5 ± 3 million species, Mora et al. (primary source 9) 8.7 ± 1.3 million, and Chapman (BNID 113443) 11 million. Raven and Yeates (BNID 113444) estimate 5 to 6 million species of insects alone, whereas Scheffers et al. (ref 11) think uncertainties in insect and fungi numbers make a plausible range impossible. Estimates for marine species include 2.2 ± 0.18 million (primary source 9), and Appeltans et al. estimate 0.7 to 1.0 million species, with 226,000 described and another 70,000 in collections awaiting description (primary source 12)."
Entered by Uri M
ID 113445