Fraction of extant vascular plant families members of which form symbioses with arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi

Range >80 % of extant families
Organism Plants
Reference Schüßler, A. et al. (2001), "A new fungal phylum, the Glomeromycota: phylogeny and evolution", Mycol. Res., 105 (12): 1416, doi: 10.1017/S0953756201005196 link p.1413 right column bottom paragraph
Comments P.1413 right column bottom paragraph: "Members of more than 80% of extant vascular plant families form AM (arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi) and 'primitive' plants such as hepatics and hornworts also produce AM-like symbioses (e.g. Schüßler 2000). Moreover, one apparently unique symbiosis represents a consortium of Cyanobacteria (blue-green algae) and an obligately symbiotic, Glomerales-related fungus, Geosiphon pyriformis. In this case the situation is reversed compared with AM fungi, as the fungus is the macrosymbiont (exhabitant) and the photosynthetic partner the microsymbiont or inhabitant (Schüßler et al. 1996, Schüßler & Kluge 2001)."
Entered by Uri M
ID 113026