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Property Organism Value Units ID Details
Leaf mass per area for lowest leaves in the canopy Sitka spruce Picea sitchensis ~160 g/m^2 107173 P Meir et al., Acclimation...
Volume of mesophyll cell in Norway Spruce needles Tree Norway Spruce Picea abies 109060 (±31028) µm^3 104794 Albrechtová J, Janácek J...
Number of mesophyll cells in Norway Spruce needle Tree Norway Spruce Picea abies 40206 (±7109 Table - link) Unitless 104796 Albrechtová J, Janácek J...
Structural parameters of mesophyll for Norway spruce needles Tree Norway Spruce Picea abies Table - link N/A 104793 Albrechtová J, Janácek J...
Number of mesophyll cells per unit volume in Norway Spruce needles Tree Norway Spruce Picea abies 6508 (+-914) cells/mm^3 104795 Albrechtová J, Janácek J...
Size of genome Tree Norway Spruce Picea abies 19.6 (Table - link) Giga base pairs 113647 Nystedt B et al., The...
Characteristics of the genome Tree Norway Spruce Picea abies Table - link N/A 113649 Nystedt B et al., The...
Mutation rate Plants Spruce (Picea spp.) 2.2×10^-9: Oryza glaberrima (African rice) 1.8×10^-8 mutations/base/year 113650 Nystedt B et al., The...
Wood densities Plants Table - link 10^3kg/m^3 and lb/ft^3 110124 The engineering toolbox...
Ratio of solo-LTR [Long terminal repeat] to complete elements Plants Picea abies ~1:9: Arabidopsis thaliana 1:1: rice 0.6:1: barley 16:1 unitless 113651 Nystedt B et al., The...
Fraction of incident radiation that is reflected Biosphere bright leaves of desert shrubs >20: spruce forest ~10: bare soil ≤30: freshly fallen snow >80 % of incident radiation 113223 Körner C (2013) Plan...
Major radiation of conifer families Plants 250 - 65 Mya 113643 Nystedt B et al., The...
Typical size of genome of conifers Plants 20 - 30 Giga base pairs 113645 Nystedt B et al., The...
Number of species of conifers Plants ~630 species: representing ~70 currently recognized genera N/A 113644 Nystedt B et al., The...
Number of chromosomes in genome of most conifers Plants 12 (2n = 24 Table - link) chromosomes 113646 Nystedt B et al., The...
Leaf area index (LAI) (see comments section for additional values) Biosphere Pinus forests 3-4: temperate mixed deciduous forests ~5.5: dense, tall-growing meadows 7-8 unitless 113232 Körner C (2013) Plan...
Temperature tolerances of plants Various Table - link N/A 104066 Amazing numbers in biology...