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Property Organism Value Units ID Details
Date of fossil Eukaryotic fossil acritarch Tappania plana ~1,500 MYA 113025 Javaux EJ, Knoll AH,...
Duration of several early eukaryotic fossils without obvious morphological change Eukaryotes Trachyhystrichosphaera ~400: Tappania ≥600: Chuaria ⁄ Tawuia ~1000: Valeria >1100 million years 113589 Butterfield NJ, Macr...
Age of oldest fossil spider Spider ∼300 Million years ago 116055 Mammola S, Michalik P...
Oldest fossil spider in amber Spider 125 – 135 Million years ago 116056 Mammola S, Michalik P...
First unequivocal fossil evidence of eukaryotes occurs in rock Eukaryotes ~1,200 Mya 107503 Topley and Wilson's ...
First fossil evidence of multicellular eukaryotes Eukaryotes ~900 Mya 107504 Topley and Wilson's ...
Fossil calibration dates Mammals Table - link Myr 112709 Nabholz B, Glemin S,...
Rate of release of fossil-fuel derived CO2 Biosphere ~4.25e+14 mol CO2/year 116100 Duursma EK, Boisson MPRM...
A conceptual view of the macroecological differences between the pre-Ediacaran and post-Ediacaran marine biospheres, and the transitional Ediacaran Biosphere Figure link Mya 113593 Butterfield NJ, Macr...
Total carbon stored in fossil fuels Biosphere 4130 10^15 g 100978 aquatic photosynthesis...
Time that a recognized taxa in the fossil record lives Generic 1 - 10 million years 112640 De Vos JM, Joppa LN,...
Characteristic efficency of fossil fuel usage Biosphere 38 Percent 100724 Sustainable energy, Tester...
Energetic efficiency for herring production-protein output/fossil fuel input Biosphere 50 Percent 104640 Gidon Eshel and Pamela Martin...
Dates of evolutionary branching points of the key genome model organisms based on fossil evidence Various Graph - link N/A 105149 Donoghue PC, Benton MJ....
Energetic efficiency for lamb production-protein output/fossil fuel input Biosphere 0.5 Percent 104639 Gidon Eshel and Pamela Martin...
Energetic efficiency for chicken production-protein output/fossil fuel input Biosphere 6.3 Percent 104638 Gidon Eshel and Pamela Martin...
Number of distinctive cell types in most highly differentiated pre-Ediacaran eukaryote (before 635–542 Mya) Valkyria spp. ≥6 distinctive cell types 113588 Butterfield NJ, Macr...
Eukaryotic elongation factors (function, subunit, and size) Eukaryotes Table - link kDa 117023 Lee TI, Young RA. Tr...
Median protein lengths in eukaryotic, bacterial and archaeal organisms Various Table - link Amino acids 106444 Brocchieri L, Karlin...
Length of eukaryotic cilia Frog Xenopus tropicalis 6 (±1) µm 105112 Neugebauer JM, Amack JD...