Fraction of non-miRNA sequences in size range 13-26 nts that are tRNA-derived fragments (tRFs)

Value 40 %
Organism vertebrates
Reference Phizicky EM, Hopper AK. tRNA biology charges to the front. Genes Dev. 2010 Sep 1 24(17):1832-60. doi: 10.1101/gad.1956510 p.1843 right column bottom paragraphPubMed ID20810645
Primary Source Lee YS, Shibata Y, Malhotra A, Dutta A. 2009. A novel class of small RNAs: tRNA-derived RNA fragments (tRFs). Genes Dev 23: 2639–2649 doi: 10.1101/gad.1837609PubMed ID19933153
Method Primary source abstract: "New types of small RNAs distinct from microRNAs (miRNAs) are progressively being discovered in various organisms. In order to discover such novel small RNAs, a library of 17- to 26-base-long RNAs was created from prostate cancer cell lines and sequenced by ultra-high-throughput sequencing."
Comments P.1843 right column bottom paragraph: "In another development, Dutta and colleagues (primary source) have found by deep sequencing methods that multiple different tRNA-derived fragments (tRFs) are made in prostate cancer cell lines, at least one of which has potent effects on promoting cell proliferation. These tRFs are 13–26 nt long, comprise fully 40% of the non-miRNA sequences in this size range, and derive from one of three precise regions of the tRNA: the 5′ end of mature tRNA, the 3′ end of the mature tRNA ending in the CCA sequence, or the 3′ trailer sequence beginning immediately after the 3′ end of the tRNA."
Entered by Uri M
ID 113861