Table - link
||Oil palm Elaeis guineensis
||Kosugi A, Tanaka R, Magara K, Murata Y, Arai T, Sulaiman O, Hashim R, Hamid ZA, Yahya MK, Yusof MN, Ibrahim WA, Mori Y. Ethanol and lactic acid production using sap squeezed from old oil palm trunks felled for replanting. J Biosci Bioeng. 2010 Sep110(3):322-5 tables 1-6 pp.324-5PubMed ID20547348
||Moisture content was determined by drying at 105 °C for 48 h. Sugars
contained in the sap were determined by high performance anion-exchange chromatography
using CarboPac PA (Dionex Corporation, Sunnyvale, CA, USA) with pulsed
amperometric detection (HPAEC-PAD). Amino acids were analyzed by an amino acid analyzer (Hitachi
L-8900). Organic acids: high performance ion exchange chromatography. Mineral analyses were carried out by inductively coupled plasma
atomic emission spectroscopy with VistaMP-X(Varian, Inc.). Thiamine (8) and riboflavin (9) were analyzed by
HPLC with fluorescence detection. Ascorbic acid was analyzed by HPLC with a UV-Vis variable
wavelength detector. Vitamin B6, pantothenic acid, niacin, inositol, folic acid and biotin were
measured by microbiological methods.
||In order to utilize the old palm trunks felled for replanting,
especially the inner part, researchers attempted to produce bioethanol and
lactic acid, the material for bio-plastics, from felled trunks.