Range: 96900-281000 cones/mm^2
||Human Homo sapiens
||Helga Kolb, Eduardo Fernandez and Ralph Nelson, John Moran eye center, Uni. of Utah, Webvision, the organization of the retina and visual system, link
||1) Osterberg, G. (1935) Topography of the layer of rods and cones in the human retina. Acta Ophthal., suppl. 6, 1-103. (2) Curcio CA, Sloan KR Jr, Packer O, Hendrickson AE, Kalina RE. Distribution of cones in human and monkey retina: individual variability and radial asymmetry. Science. 1987 May 1 236(4801):579-82.PubMed ID3576186
||(primary source (2)): Nomarski differential interference contrast optics allowed [researcers] to view optical sections at different levels along the long axis of photoreceptors. Researchers developed software that transforms the data from locations in the whole mount back to spherical coordinates by using the fovea and optic disk as reference points and retinal vasculature to connect across cut edges. Measured in 37µm×54µm fields.
||Value is from primary source (1), Range from primary source (2). Mean peak density of primary source (2) was 161,900 cones/mm^2. For mean peak density in macaque see BNID 105345