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Property Organism Value Units ID Details
Tether force Chicken Gallus gallus for Golgi 11.4±1.4: for ER [endoplasmic reticulum] 18.6±2.8 pN 112516 Upadhyaya A, Sheetz MP....
Maximum force that a kinesin motor can exert (stall force) Eukaryotes ~6 pN 109127 Leduc C et al., Cooperative...
Membrane proton motive force (PMF) Bacteria Escherichia coli 180-200 mV 102120 Kinoshita N, Unemoto T...
Actin stall force Unspecified 7.7 (±1.3 Table - link) pN per Filament 100618 Abraham V. C., Krishnamurthi...
Ratio between external force flagella can withstand without breaking and the force produced by a swimming cell Bacteria Salmonella enterica >=100 Unitless 103814 Darnton NC, Berg HC....
Biotin - streptavidin binding force Generic 257 (±25) pN 111925 VT. Moy, EL. Florin, HE. Gaub...
Force required to package DNA in capsid Bacteriophage ≤50 pN 112332 Inamdar MM, Gelbart WM...
Force required to package DNA to innermost radius in capsid Bacteriophage Lambda 12 pN 103125 Garcia HG, Grayson P...
Peak force transmitted through the Achilles tendon during running Human Homo sapiens 9 (equivalent to 12.5 times the body weight) kN 114289 Wang JH, Mechanobiology...
Static force in control neurons Great pond snail Lymnaea stagnalis 27.9 (±2.1) pN 110850 Dai J, Sheetz MP, Wan X...
Force required to package DNA in capsid Bacteriophage phi 29 57 pN 103126 Smith DE, Tans SJ, Smith SB...
Force generated by RNAP during transcription Bacteria Escherichia coli ≤25 pN 111872 Malinen AM et al., Active...
Duration of force equilibration within the membrane of keratocyte Fish ~milliseconds millisec 110906 Lieber AD et al. Membrane...
Unitary stall force of molecular motors Eukaryotes kinesin ~5-7pN: mammalian cytoplasmic dynein ~1pN pN 112209 Fu MM, Holzbaur EL. ...
Proton motive force [PMF] of most bacteria bacteria <200 mV 111698 Claassens NJ, Volpers M...
Estimated stall force for one actin filament in keratocyte Trout Oncorhynchus mykiss ~4 pN 112513 Sens P, Plastino J. Membrane...
Force of ejection of DNA into host cell Bacteriophage Lambda 10 pN 103131 Garcia HG, Grayson P...
PMF (proton motive force) of fully energized cell Bacteria Escherichia coli ≈150 mV 109816 Gabel CV, Berg HC. The...
Hypothetical force created by all myosin-II heads in contractile unit Fission yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe ~1500 pN 102274 Wu JQ, Pollard TD. Counting...
Maximum proton motive force across acidophile membrane at pH 1 prokaryote -270 mV 107135 Konings and Veldkamp...